Names that people have today don’t always give clues about the person’s character, but the names of God help us to understand God better. Jehovah, Elohim and Adonai are the main names of God. They are Hebrew, so are not written this way in our English Bibles.
Jehovah is an transliteration of the name of God that was written as YHWH. The name was treated with reverence by the Hebrew scholars, so it was not written out with its vowels. This name is found in English Bibles as LORD. All of the letters are capitalized. The name Jehovah gives us a picture of the greatness of God. It means I am that I am. He is completely self-sufficient and greater than all else. There is no one greater than the God Jehovah.
God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM”;
and He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel,
‘I AM has sent me to you.’”
He said, “O Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like You
in heaven above or on earth beneath,
keeping covenant and showing lovingkindness
to Your servants who walk before You with all their heart.”
1 Kings 8:23
Elohim is the name of God that gives us a clue to the Trinity because the -im ending is a plural form. God is one God but is three-persons.
The name Elohim means mighty one. The name is first used in Genesis 1:1 – “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” If God could create the world, He can surely help us with our needs which are a lot smaller than creating a whole world.
Adonai is the name of God that recognizes the relationship that God desires to have with people. The name is seen in the English Bible as Lord with just the first letter capitalized. This name reminds us that God is the master, and we are under Him. The best position for us to have is as a servant of God.
It shall come about, if you listen obediently to my commandments which I am commanding you today,
to love the Lord your God and to serve Him with all your heart and all your soul,
that He will give the rain for your land in its season, the early and late rain,
that you may gather in your grain and your new wine and your oil.
He will give grass in your fields for your cattle,
and you will eat and be satisfied.
God who is greater than, who is all-powerful, and who is loving and merciful is worthy of our worship and the dedication of our lives to His service.
O come, let us sing for joy to the Lord,
Let us shout joyfully to the rock of our salvation.
Let us come before His presence with thanksgiving,
Let us shout joyfully to Him with psalms.
For the Lord is a great God
And a great King above all gods,
In whose hand are the depths of the earth,
The peaks of the mountains are His also.
The sea is His, for it was He who made it,
And His hands formed the dry land.
Come, let us worship and bow down,
Let us kneel before the Lord our Maker.